Utpanna Ekadashi is one of the significant Ekadashis as it is associated with the origin of Ekadashi fasting. All Ekadashi fasting are dedicated to Goddess Ekadashi who is one of the Shaktis of Lord Vishnu. Ekadashi was born out of Lord Vishnu to annihilate Demon Mur who intended to kill sleeping Lord Vishnu. Hence Goddess Ekadashi is one of the protective powers of Lord Vishnu. Goddess Vaishnavi is another power of Lord Vishnu and part of Sapta Matrika.
Hence Utpanna Ekadashi is considered the birth anniversary of Ekadashi. Devotees, who pledge to observe yearly fasting, begin Ekadashi fasting from Utpanna Ekadashi.
At times Ekadashi fasting is suggested on two consecutive days. It is advised that Smartha with family should observe fasting on first day only. The alternate Ekadashi fasting, which is the second one, is suggested for Sanyasis, widows and for those who want Moksha. When alternate Ekadashi fasting is suggested for Smartha it coincides with Vaishnava Ekadashi fasting day.
The greatness of Utpanna Ekadashi is described in various Hindu scriptures like the ‘Bhavishyottara Purana’ in the form of conversation between Sri Krushna and King Yudhisthira. The significance of Utpanna Ekadashi is same as making donations on the auspicious days like ‘Sankranti’ or taking a holy bath in Hindu pilgrimages. It is considered that the observer of Utapanna Ekadashi is liberated from his/her sins and finally attains moksha or salvation. They are taken straight to the abode of Lord Vishnu, ‘Vaikunth’ after death. It is believed that the glory of the Utpanna Ekadashi is even more than donating 1000 cows in charity. The fast kept on Utpanna Ekadashi equals to fasting for the three main deities of Hinduism, namely, Brahma, Vishnu and Mahesh. Hence Hindu devotees observe the Utapanna Ekadashi vrat with full dedication and fervour.
Parmatma Shree Krushna says - one who bathes in Yamuna River in this month , attains me easily ,that is why Braj Gop Kumarikas observed fast and worshiped KATYAYANI MATA on the banks of Yamuna ji in Braj - according to 10th Canto, 22nd Chapter of Bhagavat Puran.
om katyayani maha maye , maha yogini dheeshwari
Nand Gopsutam devim , pati me kurute namah _/\_
Maghsar or Gop Maas :
Maghsar-mas is also known as the “Gop-Maas” or "Gopya Maas", where the leela in this month is gopya i.e. secret.
In this month, the kirtans of Vratcharya (time when gopies performed special penances) are especially sung before Shree Prabhu and we also celebrate the "Chappanbhog", a veritable feast with innumerable delicacies being offered to the Lord. Margshirsh month is considered to be "Sarvottam" i.e. the best, amongst all the months. This is mainly due to what the Lord Himself said in the 11th Skandh of Shrimad Bhagwat Mahapuran i.e.
"Masanam Margashirshoham NakShattranaam Tathabhijitam" (11-16-27)
In the Vibhuti Yog of Shrimad BhagwadGita, Shree Krushna also states that, "Masanam Marghashirshoham Rutunam Kusumakar".
Hemante Prathame Maase Nand Vraj Kumarika ||
Cherurhvishyam Bhujjanam Katyayaniarchayanvratam||
In the first month of Hemant Rutu (winter), the Vraj Kumarikas (little girls of Vraj) performed the Vrat (penance) of Katyayani devi. The Vrat consisted of them waking up before dawn to take a dip in the holy waters of Shri Yamuna Maharani ji . They sang the praises of Hari as they went towards the sacred river. On the banks of the holy river, they made an idol of the Devi was made from the sacred sand (valuka ) of Shree Yamune Maharani and worshiped it with flowers and food. They did this Vrat to obtain Shree Prabhu as their husband.
At the end of the Vrat, Shree Prabhu did the "Vastraharan" Leela of the Vraj-kumarikas, snatching their clothes and jewels as they bathed in Shri Yamuna. The Lord returned these once the girls had unreservedly declared their love for Shri Hari, openly and publicly !
The color of Shrungar during this month is generally dark i.e. “Shyam”.
After the “Gop-mas”, comes the Poosh, also known as “Dhanur-mas”, and the season of festivals continues.
TULSI VIVAH - the solemanising wedding of Shri Tulsi mata with Shaliramji is to be performed on the auspicious date 20th Nov- 2018 - From this day warmth of woollens is offered to Shri Thakurji .
Tulsi is the symbol of spiritual purity ,sattvikta. The marriage of Tulsi with Shri krushna means that 'God likes purity as a quality.' The symbol of this is Shri krushna wearing the necklace of Vaijayanti beads.
Vivah is the merging and oneness of the embodied soul jiva and God Shiva.
Tulsi Vivah is mentioned in the Padma Purana ,Tulsi is the sacred plant and is famous for its divinity and medicinal properties.
Demon king named Jalandhar got a boon that he will remain immortal as long as his wife Vrunda is chaste - Pati Vrata. This made him arrogant and he declared war on other kings, demi gods and started tormenting innocent people.
Lord Vishnu in the guise of Jalandhar approached Vrunda and she mistook him for her husband. They lived like husband and wife. Soon Jalandhar was killed in a battle. This made Vrunda furious and she cursed Vishnu and made him turn to Shaligram stone.
Lord Vishnu did not let Vrunda suffer for no fault of her. She was turned into a Tulsi plant and gave her the boon that she will find a place in all houses and she will be worshiped. Tulsi Vivah is performed to establish this divine relationship between Lord Vishnu and Vrunda.
Performing it is considered highly auspicious and good for couples. Popular belief is that performing the wedding ceremony of marrying Tulsi to Vishnu considering her as their daughter is equal to performing Kanyadan.
All around the courtyard of the house, cow dung water is sprinkled. If the tulsi plant is in a pot then the pot should be painted white. White colour attracts the Divine frequencies coming from God. Draw a sattvik rangoli around the tulsi plant and then do its ritualistic worship (puja) with spiritual emotion (bhavpurna). While worshipping, one should sit facing westward.
Prayer to be made: 'Hey Shri krushna, Hey tulsi Devi, the energy that I imbibe from you today, let it be used for the protection of Dharma and nation. Let my warrior attitude (kshatravrutti) be activated all the time. Let me not be depressed during bad times and let my faith and devotion unto God be consistent.'
Chanting: On this day Shri krushna's principle is activated on Earth to a greater extent. The principle is also more active around the tulsi plant. On this day one should chant Shri krushna's name. After the puja the surrounding becomes very sattvik spiritually pure. One should also do Shri krushna's chant at that time.
Prabodhini Ekadashi is observed during the Shukl Paksha of the auspicious month of ‘Kartik’ on the 19th of November Monday 2018 . Prabodhini Ekadashi is also known as ‘Dev Utthani Ekadashi’, ‘Vishnu-Prabodhini’ or ‘Dev Prabodhini Ekadashi’. On this day the propitious Tulsi Vivaah ceremony is also performed and the ‘Chaturmas’ period, when Lord Vishnu is supposed to sleep, also comes to an end with Prabodhini Ekadashi. As Lord Vishnu goes off to sleep on ‘Shayani Ekadashi’ and wakes up on ‘Prabodhini Ekadashi’.
The Prabodhini Ekadashi vrat is dedicated to Lord Shri Hari Vishnu. It is observed by Vaishnavas in different parts of the country with full enthusiasm and fervour. Devotees pray to Lord Vishnu to invoke His divine blessings. This day is very significant in many ways as the renowned Kartik Month Pandarpur Yatra also ends on the Prabodhini Ekadashi day. This ekadashi is also referred as ‘Kartik Shukla Ekadashi’ or ‘Kartiki Ekadashi’. The famous month-long ‘Pushkar Fair’ commences from this day.
The greatness of Prabodhini Ekadashi was first narrated by Lord Brahma to Sage Narada and is explained in the ‘Skanda Purana’. It holds great significance for Hindus as it marks the beginning of the auspicious ceremonies like marriages, child naming ceremonies, grah pravesh and so on. Devotees observe this sacred fast to wash away their evil deeds and sins committed during the lifetime. Also by offering prayers to Lord Vishnu will devotion on the day of Prabodhini Ekadashi, it is believed that a person can attain salvation or ‘moksha’ and go straight away to ‘Vaikunth’ after death.
According to ‘Brahma-Vaivarta Purana’, it is believed that one who observes the sacred Rama Ekadashi fast will be freed from all his/her sons, even those that are the same to killing a Brahmin. A person who hears the glories of Rama Ekadashi will attain salvation and reach the supreme abode of Shri Hari Vishnu. It is also believed that the merits of observing Rama Ekadashi are even more than performing 100 Rajasuya Yagyas or 1000 Ashvamedha Yagyas. By worshipping Shri Hari Vishnu with devotion on the day of Rama Ekadashi, the person will be able to overcome all the obstacles in his/her life and achieve immense success.
Pashankusha Ekadashi falls in the Shukl Paksh of Ashwin maas - it is on the 20th October , Saturday 2018.
Cucumber / Kaakadi is to be offered to Shri Thakurji in Bhog Samagri .
This narration of the glories of Pashankusha Ekadashi is excerpted from a dialogue between Shri Krushna and Maharaja Yudhishthira, as given in the Brahmavaivarta Purana.
Once, Yudhishthira Maharaj asked Shri Krushna: “O Madhusudana, what is the name of the Ekadashi that comes during the light fortnight of the month of Ashvina. Please be kind and explain this to me.”
Shri Krushna smilingly replied, “O best of kings! The name of this Ekadashi is Pashankusha Ekadashi, and it is also known as Papankusha Ekadashi since the observance of this Ekadashi removes all sins.
“One should particularly worship Shri Padmanabha (see below for a description of Shri Padmanabha) on the day of this Ekadashi. This Ekadashi awards a person heavenly pleasures, liberation, and his or her desired results. Just by chanting the holy names of Shri Vishnu (such as the Shri Vishnu Sahasranama, and the ashtottara of Shri Rama, Shri Krushna, etc.) one can attain the piety of visiting all the holy places of pilgrimage (teerthas) in this world. If a conditioned soul, in spite of indulging in various sinful activities as a result of delusion, takes shelter and offers obeisance at the lotus feet of Shri Hari, who is the remover of all sins and the granter of liberation, then such a person never sees the punishing abode of Yamaraja, the lord of death.
“Both the Vaishnava (devotee of Shri Vishnu) who criticizes Shiva and the Shaivite (devotee of Shiva) who criticizes Shri Vishnu will undoubtedly go to Naraka (the realm of hell). (yo hariH sa shivaH sAkSAd yaH shivaH sa svayaM hariH / ye tayor bhedamAti sthan narakAya bhave naraH (Vishnu Purana 5.33.46) (He who is Shri Hari is Himself Shiva / He who manifests as Shiva is Himself Shri Hari / Any human who mistakenly thinks that Shiva is different from Shri Hari will surely go to Naraka.))
“The result one obtains by performing one thousand horse sacrifices or by performing one hundred Rajasuya sacrifices cannot equal one sixteenth of the piety one obtains by observing this Ekadashi. There is no piety in this world equal to the piety earned by observing this Ekadashi. Therefore, no other day is as sanctified as this day of Ekadashi, which is very dear to Shri Padmanabha.
“O King! Until a person observes a fast on the day of Shri Padmanabha named Papankusha Ekadashi, he remains sinful, and the reactions of his past sinful activities never leave him like a chaste wife never leaves her husband. There is no merit in all the three worlds that can match the merit that one gains by observing a fast on this Ekadashi. This Ekadashi awards those who observe it heavenly pleasures, liberation, freedom from disease, beautiful women, wealth, and food grains. None of the Ganga, Gaya, Kashi, Pushkara, or Kurukshetra can bestow as much auspicious merit as this Papankusha Ekadashi. O Maharaj Yudhishthira, protector of the earth, after observing Ekadashi during the daytime, the devotee should remain awake through the night, absorbed in hearing about Shri Hari, chanting Shri Hari’s name, and serving Shri Hari – for, by doing so, he easily attains to the abode of Shri Vishnu.”
Shri Krishna continued, “O best of kings! By observing the vow of this Ekadashi one can deliver ten generations from his mother’s family, ten generations from his father’s family, and ten generations from his wife’s family. All these ancestors attain their original, four-armed transcendental Vaikuntha forms. Wearing yellow garments and beautiful garlands, they ride to the spiritual realm on the back of Garuda, the renowned great enemy of the snakes. This is the benediction My devotee earns simply by observing one Pashankusha Ekadashi properly.
“If a person observes this Ekadashi in his childhood, youth, or old age, he does not suffer the miseries of material existence. One who strictly observes this Pashankusha Ekadashi is relieved of all sinful reactions and at the end of life returns to Shri Vishnu’s abode.
“If a person gives away gold, sesame seeds, land, cows, food grains, water, umbrellas, or shoes in charity, then such a person does not have to go to the abode of Yamaraja. On the other hand, anyone who does not engage in pious activities on this day is like a dead man although he is breathing. His breathing is like the bellows of the blacksmith.
“O best of kings, especially on this Papankusha Ekadashi, even the poor should first bathe and then give some charity according to their means, and perform other auspicious activities in accordance with their ability. Whosoever performs sacrifices for the public benefit, or builds public ponds, resting places, gardens, or houses is not subjected to the punishment of Yamaraja. It is a result of piety only that people live long lives, become rich, take birth in high-class families, and become free from disease. The purport is that the direct result of observing Ekadashi is to attain devotional service to Me, and the indirect result is to attain temporary material benefits.”
Shri Krushna then concluded, “Thus, O saintly Yudhishthira, I have narrated to you the glories of the auspicious Pashankusha Ekadashi.”
Padmanabha is another name of Vishnu and appears as the 48th, 196th, and 346th names in the Shri Vishnu Sahasranama. According to Shri Adi Shankara’s commentary (bhashya) on the Shri Vishnu Sahasranama, “Padmanabha” means He in whose navel, the lotus (padma), the source of the universe resides; or One whose navel is beautifully shaped like the lotus; or One who shines in the middle or the heart-lotus (the Anahata chakra) of all; or One who resides in the central part of the heart-lotus (the Anahata chakra).
Indira Ekadashi vrat blesses the person with prosperity and richness, the person can wash away all the sins and also free their forefathers from the ill-effects of the sins they committed in their lifetime. Therefore an individual, who desires to free their ancestors from all offence and ultimately offer them peace, should keep the Indira Ekadashi vrat with full dedication.
It has been stated in the Hindu scriptures that by keeping the Indira Ekadashi vrat, the devotees get the same results as received by performing the ‘Ashwamedha Yagya’. This marks the importance of this ekadashi fast over other Ekadashi vrat. Even more the prominence of Indira Ekadashi can be read in the ‘Brahmavaivarta Purana’ and has also been told to Yudhishtira by Lord Shri Krushna.
Parivartini Ekadashi is one among the numerous names of the Ekadashi fasting observed on the 11th day of the Shukla Paksha in Bhadrapad , 20th September 2018 Thursday .
We offer the Lord Shri Krushna bhog samagri made out of Curds and Cucumber.
It is called Parsava Parivartini because Lord Shri Hari Vishnu who is sleeping during the Dakshinayana period of Chaturmas ,4 months turns from left side to right side. Popular belief is that the period of Dakshinayana is the night time of Gods. Lord Shri Hari Vishnu is believed to be sleeping during the period.
The Vamana Avatar of Lord Shri Hari Vishnu is believed to have appeared on this day. This Ekadashi is also therefore known as Vaman Ekadashi. Also known as Jal Zilani Ekadashi as after the birth of Lord Shri Krushna Yashoda maiya changed her Chooda .
Those observe partial Ekadashi fasting on the day as usual skip food items made of grains and rice. Some people opt for complete fast.
The fourth descendant of Hiranyakashyap, Bali, with devotion and penance was able to defeat Indra, the god of firmament. This humbled the other deities and extended his authority over the three worlds. The gods appealed to Vishnu for protection and he descended as the dwarf Vamana. During a yajna of the king, Vamana approached him and Bali promised him for whatever he asked. Vamana asked for three paces of land. Bali agreed, and the dwarf then changed his size to that of a giant. He stepped over heaven in his first stride, and the netherworld with the second. Bali realized that Vamana was Vishnu incarnate. In deference, the king offered his head as the third place for Vamana to place his foot. The avatar did so and thus granted Bali immortality. Then in appreciation to Bali and his grandfather Prahlada, Vamana made him ruler of Pathala, the netherworld. On viewing the king’s extreme devotion and loyalty, Lord Vishnu promised to live alongside Mahabali thereafter. The Hindu devotees still believe that Lord Vishnu resides in the home of King Bali disguised as Vamana.
The significance of Aja Ekadashi has been known since the ancient times. Lord Shri Krushna in the ‘Brahmavaivarta Purana’ stated the importance of this vrat to Yudhisthira, the eldest of Pandavas. This vrat was even performed by Raja Harishchandra, and as an outcome he got back his dead son and lost kingdom. This vrat thus motivates a person to choose a path of salvation and ultimately achieve freedom from the cycle of birth and death. The observer of the Aja Ekadashi vrat must keep control on his/her body, emotions, behaviour and food. The fast will purify the heart and soul.
It is mentioned in the Hindu Puranas and holy scriptures that when a person keeps the Aja Ekadashi vrat with full devotion, all his sins of the present life will be pardoned. His/her life will also be filled with happiness and prosperity, and after death they will be taken to ‘Vaikunta’. It is also believed that by observing the Aja Ekadashi vrat, the person gets the same benefits as those by performing the ‘Ashwamegh Yagya’.
Putrada / Pavitra ropan ekadashi falls during the Shukl Paksha of Shravan maas and is celebrated as Shravan Putrada Ekadashi, Pavitra Ekadashi, Pavitropana Ekadashi. It is on 22nd August ,Wednesday.
Dedicated to Lord Vishnu this ekadashi vrat is observed by husband and wife, in order to be blessed with a son.The word ‘Putrada’ signifies ‘giver of sons’ and henceforth it is believed that by observing the ekadashi fast in the month of Shravan, desires for a male child by childless couples can be fulfilled.
Shingoda / Waterchestnuts are to be offered in Bhog Samagri to Shri Thakurji.
In our Hindu society having a son is considered important as he looks after his father and mother during old age. Even the ‘Shraddha ’ can only be performed by the male child to offer peace to his dead forefathers. Each of the 26 ekadashis observed in the Hinduism has its own specific goal. The ekadashi that falls during the Shravana Shukla Paksh has powers to bestow a childless couple with a male progeny. There are only two ekadashis that are ‘giver of sons’ with the other one being the ‘Pausha Putrada Ekadashi’.
In ‘Bhavishya Purana’ as a discussion between King Yudhisthira and Shri Krushna. Here Lord Krushna himself explained the rituals and benefits of observing this sacred fast. Besides being blessed with a male offspring, Vishnu followers observe the Shravan Putrada Ekadashi to wash away their sins and attain salvation.
Yogini Ekadashi is on the 9th July Monday 2018 , Krushna Paksh of Aashadh Maas. Please offer bhog samagri of SAKAR / MISRI - to Shri Thakurji .
Observe by every individual who want to avoid any kind of disease or health problems. This fast is especially important to be observed by people who are suffering from any skin related problems including leprosy. Ekadashi fasts is quite rewarding and removes all past sins and bad deeds and provides good health.
Yogini Ekadashi has a strong effect on one’s life if the fast and puja is followed strictly. The fast like other Ekadashi fasts begin from sunrise and continues until the next day sunrise. The person observing the vrat should not consume any kind of cereal or grain like wheat, barley, or rice. The food eaten should be made separately without common salt . He/she should wake up before sunrise of the day of Yogini Ekadashi and have a bath. It is also important that one remains clean throughout the day and chant Lord Vishnu Names. As per the fast demands, the devotee should remain awake during the night and pray for good health to Lord Vishnu.
Yogini Ekadashi like other Ekadashi fasts has a great significance and is observed by many Hindus all over the world. It is mentioned in the Padma Puran that whoever follows the rituals of the Yogini Ekadashi is able to achieve good health, becomes prosperous, and in return leads a happy life. This fast comes once every year and its effect is as strong as serving and feeding around 80,000 brahmins.
Nirjala Ekadashi is an austere ekadashi observed in the Shukla Paksha of ‘Jyestha’maas it is on the 23rd of June Saturday 2018 . Nirjala Ekadashi comes after ‘Ganga Dusshra’ but sometimes they might coincide on the same date. If observed religiously, Nirjala Ekadashi washes all the sins of the person and connects them to the supreme creator. Also known Pandava , Bhima Ekadashi after the Pandava brothers. The word ‘nirjala’ implies ‘without water’ and therefore the fasting of this ekadashi is observed without drinking water and eating and food. Nirjala Ekadashi is the toughest and significant ekadashis that is undertaken by staunch Vishnu devotees.
Offerings of Mangoes - ripe and sweet are made to the Lord.
Rituals of Nirjala Ekadashi:
Nirjala Ekadashi fast should be observed without drinking even a drop of water. Hence this vrat is most strict and sacred. Also as this fast falls during the summer season, abstaining from food completely is not an easy task. The Nirjala Ekadashi fast lasts for 24 hours, starting from sunrise of the ekadashi tithi to the sunrise of the dwadashi tithi. Person with some form of ailments or those under medication should not keep the Nirjala Ekadashi fasting. For such devotees, partial fasting is approved, as devotion to lord is more essential than the strict fasting rules.
The Nirjala Ekadashi is one of the most rewarding ekadashi observances of the Hindus. This ekadashi is highly pious and grants prosperity, bliss, longevity and salvation. The importance of Nirjala Ekadashi was explained by the great saint ‘Vyas’. It is believed that Nirjala Ekadashi vrat offer the combined virtues of the other ekadashis to its observer. For this reason devotees who cannot observe all the remaining 23 ekadashis of the Hindu year, should keep the Nirjala Ekadashi fast to get all the benefits together. It is more sacred than visiting Hindu pilgrimage places. Nirjala Ekadashi occurs before monsoons and therefore assists in purifying the body. It is also a popular belief that the observer of the Nirjala Ekadashi vrat, after death, is straight away taken to ‘Vaikunta’, which is the abode of Lord Vishnu.